In order to fulfill the country's obligations under the Paris Agreement, a Strategy was developed and approved on October 4, 2019 by the President’s Decree on the transition of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the green economy for the period 2019-2030, aimed at the consistent modernization of industry, improving energy efficiency and energy saving in key sectors of the economy, which will stabilize greenhouse gas emissions.
The tasks stipulated in the Strategy, aimed at accelerating the transition of Uzbekistan to the green economy and the effective achievement of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, are considered as key issues.
Energy saving measures undertaken by the country today have already enabled our country to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In particular, according to the International Energy Agency, which takes into account carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion, the carbon intensity of Uzbekistan’s GDP in 2015 decreased by 33.6 percent compared to 2010. And now in the republic there are favorable conditions for achieving the indicator of reducing the carbon intensity of GDP. In this regard, the Republic of Uzbekistan has undertaken a quantitative commitment of a nationally determined contribution - reducing by 2030 the specific greenhouse gas emissions per unit of gross domestic product by 10 percent from the 2010 level, which is included in the Strategy as one of the target indicators for its implementation. Along with this, the Strategy provides for the modernization of the infrastructure of industrial enterprises and ensuring their sustainability by increasing energy efficiency by 20 percent and the wider use of clean and environmentally friendly technologies and industrial processes.
In the election program of the Ecological Party of Uzbekistan, issues of promoting the principles of the green economy, implementing measures to adapt to climate change and taking measures to mitigate the effects of climate challenges occupy a special place. These include reducing the level of air pollution by 1.5 times, expanding the area of forest stands from 7.6 to 15 percent, bringing the share of renewable energy in the country's energy balance to 10 percent. Fulfillment of these tasks will be the Ecoparty’s contribution to the fulfillment of Uzbekistan’s obligations under the Paris climate agreement.
Given that the Strategy of Action pays great attention to environmental safety issues, updating the EU Strategy for Central Asia, where the environmental component is one of the key, becomes relevant. Its most important areas, in our opinion, should be the introduction of the principles of a green economy.